Insecticidal effects of Matrine against flower thrips, Thrips hawaiiensis Morgan on ‘Cavendish’ banana

Rex John R. Celiz, Leslie T Ubaub


Matrine is a natural derivative extracted from the leaves and roots of Shrubby sophora (Sophora flavescens), a new broad spectrum biological insecticides for the management of wide range of pests. In this study, Matrine at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mL/L of water were statistically comparable to commercial insecticide abamectin 1.8SL at 4.0 mL/L of water in managing the thrips population on ‘Cavendish’ banana after three days from bud injection. No statistical difference was noted among treatments in terms of thrips mortality and oviposition damage. Numerically, however among the treated fruits, highest number of thrips were found in samples applied with Matrine at 1.5 mL/L and it obtained the highest mean percent of fruit with slight thrips oviposition damage and had the least mean percent of fruits with severe oviposition damage recovered. In terms of brown scab/water soak damage, Matrine at 0.5 mL/L of water commercial insecticide Abamectin 1.8SL at 4.0 mL/L of water gave superior results obtaining the highest clean fruits recovered. Among treatments, Matrine (0.5 mL/L and 1.0 mL/L of water) gave superior results obtaining the highest Class A fruits and were comparable to commercial insecticide Abamectin 1.8SL at 4.0 mL/L of water and Matrine at 1.5 mL/L. Thus, Matrine is an effective biological insecticide against Flower Thrips (T. hawaiiensis) and should be tested in a semi-commercial trial.


Thrips hawaiiensis; Biological Insecticide; Matrine; Saphora; ‘Cavendish’ Banana; Mortality

Full Text:



COCKFIELD, S.D., BEERS, E. H., HORTON, D.R. AND MILICZKY, E. 2007. Timing of Oviposition by Western Thrips (Thysanoptera Thripdea) in Apple fruit. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia pp. 45- 53.

IRULANDI, S., RAJENDRAN, R., SAMUEL, S.D., RAVIKUMAR, A., VINODKUMAR, P.K., SREEDHARAN, K., 2008. Effect of botanical insecticides on coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of Biopesticides 1(1):70-73

KIM, M.J., Shim, C.K., Kim, K.M., Jee, H.J., Yin, J.C., Hong, H.J., Park, J.H. and Han, E.J. 2013. Insecticidal Effect of Organic Materials of Bt, Neem and Matrine Alone and Its Mixtures Against Major Insect Pest of Organic Chinese Cabbage. The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, 1(3):213-219

KOREA BIO CO., LTD. 2014. Aktrine 4.6SL Brochure 288-1, Mangwol-ri,Jungnam-myun, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

LIM, S., LEE, J., KIM, J. CHOI, G. CHO, N. AND PARK, B. 2014.

Determination of Dimethyl Disulfide, Diallyl Disulfide, and Diallyl Trisulfide in Biopesticides Containing Allium sativum Extract by Gas Chromatography. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 33(4):237-243

MAO, L. AND HENDERSON, G. 2007. Antifeedant Activity and Acute Residual Toxicity of Alkaloids from Sophora flavescens (Leguminosae) against Formosan Subterranean Termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 100: 866-870.

OSTMARK, H.E. 1974. Economic insect pests of bananas. Annual Review of Entomology, 19:161-76

SIVAKUMAR, C.B. AND MOHANASUNDARAM, M. 1971. The banana rust thrips in Tamil Nadu, India. Madras Agricultural Journal (58): 363-366

SWAINE, G. AND R.J. CORCORAN. 1970. Banana flower thrips and its relationship to corky scab damage of Cavendish bananas in south-east Queensland. Queensland Journal of Agriculture and Animal Science 32(1):79–89.

THE BANANA BOARD, (Accessed 28 January 2015).

XIANG, Z., SHANG, S., CAI, K., GENG, Z., CHEN, X., 2012. Determination and decline study of matrine residue in tobacco by gas chromatography-nitrogen chemiluminessence detector. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science 14:115-121.

ZANARDI, O.Z., RIBEIRO, L.P., YAMAMOTO, P.T AND VENDRAMIN, J.D. 2015. Bioactivity of a matrine-based biopesticide for four pest-specie of agricultural importance. Crop Protection 67: 160-167.

ZENG, X.N. & LIN J.T. 1998. Damage of Thrips hawaiiensis (Morgan) to banana and its control. Plant Protection 24(6): 15–17


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.